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Legendary Person

Samudragupta, ruler of the Gupta Empire (c. 335 – c. 380 CE), and successor to Chandragupta I, is considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses in Indian history. He was the fourth ruler of the Gupta Dynasty, who ushered in the Golden Age of India. His name appears in the Javanese text `Tantrikamandaka'. His name is taken to be a title acquired by his conquests (samudra referring to the 'oceans'). Samudragupta is believed to have been his father's chosen successor even though he had several elder brothers. Therefore, some believe that after the death of Chandragupta I, there was a struggle for succession in which Samudragupta prevailed. It is said that Samudragupta became the ruler after subduing his rival Kacha, an obscure prince of the dynasty. 
The main source of Samudragupta's history is an inscription engraved on the Allahabad pillar. In this inscription Samudragupta details his conquests. Written on this inscription is, "whose most charming body was covered over with all the beauty of the marks of a hundred confuse wounds caused by the blows of battle axes, arrows, spears, pikes, swords, lances, javelins.This inscription is also important because of the political geography of India that it indicates by naming the different kings and peoples who populated India in the first half of the fourth century AD.
Samudragupta ruled for 40 years and was succeeded by one of his sons who was selected as the most worthy of the crown.

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