Nagarjun (30 June 1911 – 5 November 1998) was also called as Yatri, Baba Nagarjun, Vaidya Nath Mishra .Baba Nagarjun was Born as Vaidya Nath Mishra, in 1911, in the village of Satlakha in Madhubani District of Bihar, India, which was his mother's village, his original village is Tarauni in Darbhanga district, Bihar. He later converted to Buddhismand got the name Nagarjun.
He was a major Hindi and Maithili poet who has also penned a number of novels, short stories, literary biographies and travelogues, and was known as Janakavi- the People's Poet.The subjects of his poetry are varied. Effects of both his wandering tendencies and activism, is evident in his middle and later works. His famous poems like Badal ko Ghirate Dekha hai is a travelogue in its own right. He often wrote on contemporary social and political issues. His famous poem Mantra Kavita , is widely considered the most accurate reflection of a whole generation's mindset in India. Another such poem is Ao Rani Hama Ḍhoeṅge Palaki , which sarcastically humiliates the then prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, for the extravagant welcome thrown by him for Queen Elizabeth.
Besides these accepted subjects of poetry, Nagarjun found poetic beauty in unconventional subjects. One of his most astonishing works is a poem based on a sow called With Sharp Teeth . Another such creation is a series of poems on a full-grown jackfruit.Because of the breadth of his poetry, Nagarjun is considered the only Hindi poet after Tulsidas to have an audience ranging from the rural sections of society to the elite. He effectively freed poetry from the bounds of elitism
Nagarjun was given the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969 for his historic book Patarheen Nagna Gachh, and the 'Bharat Bharati Award' by the Uttar Pradesh government for his literary contributions in 1983.He was also honoured by theSahitya Akademi Fellowship, India's highest literary award for lifetime achievement, in 1994.His work on culture has been published in the form of books entitled Desh Dashkam and Krishak Dashkam.