Mahavira, was born in Kundagrama (now Basokund in Muzaffarpur district) in the Indian state of Bihar is the birthplace of Mahavira also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara. In Jainism, a Tirthankara (maker of the river crossing) is anomniscient teacher who preaches the dharma (righteous path) and builds a ford across the ocean of rebirth and transmigration. Twenty-four Tirthankaragrace each half of the cosmic time cycle. Mahavīra was the last Tirthankara ofavasarpani (present descending phase).Mahavira was born into a royal family in what is now Bihar, India. At the age of thirty, he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening. He abandoned all the worldly things including his clothes and became a Jain monk. For the next twelve and a half years, he practiced intense meditation and severe penance, after which he becameomniscient. He traveled all over South Asia for the next thirty years to teachJain philosophy. Mahavira died at the age of seventy-two and attained nirvana(final release) or moksha (liberation from the cycle of birth and death). Mahavira's philosophy has eight cardinal (law of trust), three metaphysical (dravya, jiva and ajiva), and five ethical principles. The objective is to elevate the quality of life.