Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Gobind Singh born Gobind Rai; (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708 was the 10th Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. He succeeded his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, as the leader of the Sikhs at the young age of nine and became the last of the living Sikh Gurus. He was born in Patna while his father was on a preaching tour in Assam. A shrine, Takht Sri Harimandar Sahibas, marks the site of the house where he was born and spent his early childhood. In March 1672 the family moved to Anandpur, where his education included Punjabi, Persian, Sanskritand martial skills. Guru Gobind Singh had three wives
Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are founding the Sikh Khalsa in 1699, introducing the Five Ks viz Kesh, Kangha, Kara, Kirpan, Kacchera the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times, contributing to the continual formalisation of the religion which the first Guru, Guru Nanak, had founded in the 15th century and passing the final Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Sikh Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib Ji.