Phanishwar Nath 'Renu'
Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' (March 4, 1921 – April 11, 1977) He was born on 4 March 1921 at village Aurahi Hingna near Forbesganj, in Araria district (then Purneadistrict), Bihar.He was one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindiliterature in the post-Premchand era. He is the author of Maila Anchal, which after Premchand's Godaan, is regarded as the most significant Hindi novel.
Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' is best known for promoting the voice of the contemporary rural India through the genre of 'Aanchalik Upanyas' (Regional Story), and is placed amongst the pioneering Hindi writers who brought regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature.
His short story Maare Gaye Gulfam was adapted into a film Teesri Kasam(The Third Vow), by Basu Bhattacharya (produced by the poet-lyricistShailendra) in 1966 for which he also wrote the dialogues.Later his short story Panchlight (Petromax) was made into a TV short film.His first novel which is also considered his masterpiece, Maila Anchal (The Soiled Linen, 1954), was a social novel that depicted the life of rural Bihar and its people, especially the backward and the deprived. He was subsequently awarded one of India's highest civilian honours, the Padma Sri in 1970. He returned the Padma Sri in protest of the proclamation ofInternal Emergency.Later during Jayaprakash Narayan Andolan, he gave up his award in solidarity.